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Some of both modeling and problems in physics have been commonly presented in a first-order nonlinear differential equations (DE) of constant coefficients. Because the DE are integrable, therefore one must have an integral formulation for solving the physical problems. This paper introduces Bernoulli integral to complete the Tables of Integral for all of the Mathematical Handbooks.

Basically, the Bernoulli integral is integral form of the homogeneous Bernoulli differential equation (BDE) of constant coefficients. Under proper transformation, the Bernoulli integral can be used to generate another integral formulation especially for integrals that can be transformed into arctangent DE. By using the Bernoulli integral, one can create its self the integral formulation of solving the physical problems, and hence reduces utilization the tables of integral. A special application in generating Euler formula also presented.

Introduction

Some of both modeling and problems in physics have been commonly presented in a first-order nonlinear differential equations (DE) of constant coefficients For instance, in designing electromagnetic apparatus [Markus,1979], the logistic growth process [Welner,2004], chaotic behavior [Barger et al,1995], the generation and propagation of soliton [Wu et al 2005],[Morales,2005], the transport of fluxon [Gonzile et al,2006], the generation of squeezed laser [Friberg,1996 ],etc. One requires Table of Integral to solve a specific integral for solving such differential equation [Spiegel,MR,1968]. To complete the Table of integral, we introduce Bernoulli integral that until now not including in both of the Table integral and mathematical Handbook. By using the Bernoulli integral, one can create the integral formulation required in solving the physical problems, and hence reduces utilization the Tables of integral.

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Existence of the universe is reality evidence of supremacy and science fame of God Allah SWT. Inking seven of times water in all ocean world (even more) not enough to write down it. According to writer, mathematical model which representatively as stepping in developing the Islamic Scientific is arctangent differential equation

Eqs.(1)

which its exact solution is of the form:

jihat_image2.gif

Eqs.(2)

Because of writer looks into this arctangent differential equation is having the religion character
(according to writer that for a=1, b=1, and both of initial values t0 = 0 dan y0 = 0 the value -.gif of the tangent function at fungsi_tan.gif correspond to the Qidam and Baqa properties), hence solution yielded a solver technique entering religion factors must still appropriate to the exact solution

This paper introduces a new technique of solving a nonlinear first order ordinary differential equation so-called as SMT (stands for Stable Modulation Technique) which its solution is in the form of AF(A), that is a formula of modulation function which its amplitude term is also including in the phase function. The transfromation function applied for solving eq.(1) by using SMT is jihat_image4.gif what gives its final solution in the form :

jihat_image3.gif

Eqs.(3)

The idea of developing this stable modulation technique based on the event of Isra’ and Mi’raj of prophet Muhammad, which alongside its journey towards Sidhratulmuntaha guided by angel Jibril. Eqs.(3) assures writer that when mi’raj the energy of prophet Muhammad is transferred into the energy form of modulated wave. The fundamental aspect for developing of modern mathematics and computing is obtained when to = 0, yo = 0, a = 0 dan b = 0 where eq.(3) then reduces to the form :

Eqs .(4)

Eqs.(4) as a representative form of tangent function up to now has not been met in Mathematics Handbook, because the only

Eqs .(5)

But both of eq.(4) and eq.(5) are still giving the same value with the value of tan(t) for all values of t except at t = pi / 2 in eq.(4) and at t = pi in eq.(5) which both giving value of 0/0, though value of tan(pi/2) = ~. In mathematics the value of 0/0 is unknown as commonly called as NaN (stands for Not a Number). The value of ~ is still not obtaining from eq.(4) and eq.(5), even if has been performed the limit operation because it is only giving devide by zero:

Eqs .(6)

At presentation of the exact solution of arctangent differential equation brightens the confidence of writer that during journey Isra’, angel Jibril telling the exact properties of God, while during journey Mi’raj of prophet Muhammad is supplied by a stabilization of believe that God doesn’t spell out members as apparently at 0/0, and man will never can reach God will desire, as apparently at 1/0. The primary message is that mathematics applied as “approach” properly in the effort of explaining the Sunnatullah, and don’t make mathematics as a justification tool.

The nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NSE) has served as the governing equation of optical soliton in the study of its applications to optical communication and optical switching. Various schemes have been employed for the solution of this nonlinear equation as well as its variants. We report in this paper a relatively simpler new approach for the analytic solution of NSE. In this scheme the equation was first transformed into an arctangent differential equation, which was then separated into the linear and nonlinear parts, with the linear part solved in a straight forward manner. The solution of the nonlinear equation was written in the form of modulation function characterized by its amplitude function A and phase function F(A). Substituting the linear solution for A, the arctangent differential equation was solved for a certain initial value of A. It is shown that this method is applicable to other first-order nonlinear differential equation such as the Korteweg de Vries equation (KdV), which can be transformed into an arctangent differential equation.

I. Introduction

The phenomenon of the solitary wave propagation was observed for the first time by the Scottish scientist John Scott Russell in 1844, when one day he was watching water waves of a certain shape kept on traveling without changing their shape for a distance as far as his eye could see. To explain the behavior of such unusual wave, Korteweg and de Vries governed a model for the wave propagation in shallow water in form a partial differential equation called as KdV differential equation, which its solution appropriates to the features of the solitary wave called as soliton[1]. The existence of solitons in optical fiber was predicted by Zakarov and Zabat (1972) after they derived a differential equation for the light propagating in an optical fiber, that demonstrated later by Hazagawa in 1973 at Bell Laboratory. Next, Mollenauer and Stolen employed the solitons in optical fiber for generating subpicosecond pulses.

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Solution of the Stochastic Differential equation

Solution of the Stochastic Differential equation

The Bernoulli differential equation that has been used as primary modeling in many application branches commonly contains harmonic force function in the inhomogeneous term. The nhomogeneous Bernoulli differential equation (IBDE) is specified by nonlinearity of nth order. For instance, 3rd order IBDE is called a stochastic differential equation that has been commonly applied for describing the corrosion mechanism, the transport of fluxon, the generation of squeezed laser, etc. Due to the difficulty of applying a linearization procedure for IBDE, it has commonly been solved numerically. In this paper we introduced a so-called Stable Modulation Technique (SMT) which is able to solve a first order nonlinear differential equation that transformable into the homogeneous Bernoulli differential equation (BDE). SMT is employed by splitting BDE into linear and nonlinear parts. The solution of its nonlinear part has been found to be AF(A) where A is the initial value of nonlinear solution part and F is the modulation function whose phase is a function of A. The general solution of BDE obtained by substituting the linear solution part into initial value of the nonlinear solution part. Although IBDE can not be transformed into BDE completely, SMT gives nevertheless an approximation solution in AF(A) form, where the homogeneous solution part becomes its amplitude term. The AF(A) formula for stochastic differential equation with cosine function as inhomogeneous term can be decomposed as well into transient and steady state solutions. In addition, a special example of solving 2 ogeneous Bernoulli differential equation (BDE) has en used as a primary modeling scheme in many ation branches. A nonlinear BDE is specified by a nonlinearity of n. Although the stochastic differential equation is the first order differential equation, nevertheless the procedure of obtaining its analytical solution is very complicated as shown in utilizing of BWK (Brillouin, Wenzel, Kramer) and Reversion methods nd order BDE in creating a new Planck’s formula of black-body radiation is also presented.

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Solving of Bernoulli differential equation traditionally always is done applies linearization procedure by using Bernoulli transformation function. This paper introduces a new technique of solving the Bernoulli differential equation without using linearization by application of stable modulation scheme. Application of the method named Stable Modulation Technique (called as SMT) is started by splitting the Bernoulli differential equation to parts of linear and nonlinear, then writes down the solution of nonlinear part in the form of modulation function which its initial value besides played the part of as amplitude A and also is modulated into a phase function F(A). The exact solution of Bernoulli differential equation given in AF(A) formula obtained after replacing the linear solution part into initial value of its nonlinear part solution. In this paper presented the usage of SMT for solving the storage model of magnetic energy into inductor.

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Solusi Persamaan diferensial Stochastic

Solusi Persamaan diferensial Stochastic

Albert Einstein is the greatest scientist in this century. Because of the greatness, he lifted by his follower as prophet of siences. So didn’t suprise if action of other scientist looked into justify his theory. Masya Allah, this is really abundant. Why? Ya, because in towards the prestisius throne of real sicence, Einstein is not only walks besides do small running („sai“ in term arabic), but he beforehand rides a delman Phytagoras and then takes a rides binomial bus. This statement not without a reason, because in mathematics context, the problem of special relativity only to be form of exploitation from Phytagoras theorem. Greatness of Einstein which is praiseworthy is his excess in exploiting the binomial approach of which is not thinking of other scientist. The fact, his special relativity only applied to movement of object which its speed (v) closing the velocity of light ().

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Penyelesaian persamaan diferensial Bernoulli (PD Bernoulli) secara tradisi selalu dilakukan melalui prosedur linierisasi dengan menggunakan fungsi transformasi Bernoulli. Pada makalah ini diperkenalkan teknik baru penyelesaian PD Bernoulli tanpa melibatkan prosedur linierisasi, yang didasarkan pada penerapan skema modu lasi stabil. Penerapan metode yang dinamakan SMT (Stable Modulation Technique) atau teknik modulasi stabil tersebut dimulai dengan memecah PD Bernoulli atas bagian linier dan taklinier, kemudian menuliskan solusi bagian takliniernya dalam bentuk fungsi termodulasi yang nilai awalnya disamping diperankan sebagai suku amplitudo (A) juga dimodulasikan di dalam fungsi fasa F(A). Solusi eksak PD Bernoulli diberikan dalam formula AF(A), yang diperoleh setelah menggantikan solusi bagian linier ke dalam nilai awal fungsi termodulasi solusi bagian takliniernya. Pada paper ini dicontohkan penggunaan SMT pada penyelesaian PD Bernoulli untuk model penyimpanan energi magnet di dalam induktor.

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